What is a Mongolian Yurt?
The Yurt is a perfectly round tent and in Mongolia it is the typical construction used by shepherds to live with his family, his nomadic life. The Yurts manufactured today have little differences that were made in times of Genghis Khan.
Yurt means abode in Turkish and “Ger” in Mongolian language. Building a Yurt is considered slightly damaging the environment (low impact) and that most of the materials used are environmentally friendly.
The Yurts are practical, fun, warm buildings in winter and cool in summer. Different people have used this type of housing since the time of the Middle Ages, especially in the steppes of Central Asia.
Back then visiting a Yurt assumed a rigorous ritual protocol. If someone came into a Yurt before being announced by any authority, he could be executed.
This type of housing is protected by a very thick cover where sheep wool which makes it suitable to withstand climatic changes of Mongolian steppe is used.
Traditional crafts on the Yurt, she was appointed in 2013 by UNESCO Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity.
In ancient times, the yurt was modular and removable, as it consisted of several parts and made of different materials. Retain current form, but the materials used in its construction have been changed by more technologically evolved and improved. Now are lighter, resistant and flame retardants.
The parts forming a yurt are:
- Coating: The shop is covered by several layers of sheep wool.
- Ring: Dome located in the top center of the store. Supports end load beams further inland and at the same time, allows the removal of smoke from the chimney and the entry of light inside the yurt.
- Jana: It is the name given to the walls of the store and are formed with a lattice of wood. Are responsible for supporting the weight of the other end of the beams to the outside, without the use of guy ropes.
- Door: This enclosed by a wooden frame and glass to allow in for her too light inside.
- Beams: Dan a rounded shape to the ceiling. Rest on the top of the Jana and extending to the dome. By the way they are placed not require reinforcing pillars in the center of the house, allowing greater use of internal space.
- Curtain: Located at a distance from the walls, hung from the wooden beams. Its function is to separate the common center space, private areas.