The Coll de l’Alba Hermitage
The Coll de l’Alba Hemitage is the one of the oldest chapels preserved in the region, dating from the 14th century. It is located in a magical area that has been a place of religious worship for years. At 450 metres above sea level it is a scenic viewpoint over the Delta del Ebro, where you can see from the fishing village of L’Ampolla to La Cava in Deltebre, and from its south side, also a vantage point, you can see the Ebro river winding between Tivenys and Amposta, and the incredible beauty of the mountain range of the Natural Park of Els Ports. The Coll Redó cross can be found on one of the peaks of this mountain range at an altitude of 382m. At the Hermitage, on the first Sunday of each month, food is served in the bar inside the chapel and you can sample the rice typical of the Ebro Delta.
The Mig Camí Hermitage of Tortosa (17th century)
La Fullola consists of the ruins of an ancient fortified tower and the remains of an old church. The site has been disputed between el Perelló and Tortosa for years. Services are held every Sunday. It is a sanctuary worth visiting, with fantastic views of Tortosa and its valley, and on the same road going from the Coll de l’Alba Hermitge to Tortosa. It features a restaurant where you can eat the homemade typical food of the area, although it has few tables so prior booking is recommended.
Ebro Delta Natural Park, a biosphere reserve.
The Ebro Delta is the largest wetland in Catalonia and one of the most important in Western Europe, after the Regional Park of the Camargue in France and the Doñana National Park in southern Spain.
The Ebro Delta was declared a Biosphere Reserve in 1983. The fauna is incredibly rich especially in regard to waterfowl. The Ebro Delta covers an area of 330 square kilometres of which approximately 60% are rice fields. Therefore, the rice paddies make up the main kind of landscape of the habitat.
The Tancada and the Encanyissada Lagoons
These lagoons are declared Natural Wildlife Reserves where throughout the year you can observe gulls, mallards, flamingos and arctic terns. These two lagoons are located in the heart of the Ebro Delta, surrounded by rice fields, and make up the second aquatic nature reserve of the Western Mediterranean. These lagoons are bordered on the east by the sea and on the south by the Bay of Alfacs. The Encanyissada the biggest lagoon in the area. The reeds of Encanyssada and the Noria, also found nearby, protect the largest breeding colony of herons in all the Ebro Delta (egrets, cattle egrets, night herons, little bitterns, purple herons and squacco herons).
The Isle of Buda
With 1000 hectares of surface area and about 5 kilometres in length, this is the largest island in Catalonia and of alluvial origin. The Buda lighthouse is located on the island’s beaches. Rice fields are spread about the area, which also features two lakes: the Calaix Gran and the Calaix de Mar. The island is surrounded by two branches of the river Ebro: the Llevant gorge to the north, which separates it from the island of San Antonio, and the Migjorn gorge to the west. It’s bordered to the east by the beaches of Buda, bathed by the Mediterranean Sea, and the Cape of Tortosa, home to the famous Lighthouse of Buda. In 1924, its northern lands were bought by a private family and within them, a Masia dating from the late nineteenth century still remains, with a chapel that was oonce used as a school for the more than 200 inhabitants that lived there in 1950. Currently, to visit it you must have an authorization that you can request from the town hall.
The Punta de la Banya Peninsula
The peninsula is connected to the Ebro Delta by the Trabucador isthmus. Salt is produced from the evaporation of sea water in the Salinas de la Trinidad, belonging to the Natural Park since 1986. It extends off the coast of San Carles de la Rapita. You have to cross a sandy road 5 kilometres long and only 100 meters wide, the Trabucador strip, to access the small and uniquely-shaped peninsula known as the Punta de la Banya. In season, you can watch the kite surfers in this charming bay.
The Trabucador Isthmus
This sandbar is a wild beach 6 kilometres long with a width of 100 metres and sea on either side. It is a special location to see the sun rise and the sunsets at dusk, and at its end you will encunter the Salinas de la Trinidad and the Punta de la Banya. The isthmus connects the Punta de la Banya with the Delta.
It is one of the most fragile sites of Delta, because when there are strong winds it disappears into the sea and joins the Bay of Alfacs, thereby preventing travel over land to the Punta de la Banya.
The Fangar Bay
Is considered the most important area in the Spanish Mediterranean for growing mussels, where 4000 tons, 800 tons of which are Pacific oysters and 30 tons, clams, are produced annually. Ithe beaches bordering it were formed by mobile dunes where sea birds nest. Inside the bay the waters are calm and reach a depth ranging from 1 to 8 meters. The floor of the bay is covered with seagrass beds that convert this ecosystem into a fertile location suitable for large biological diversity, as the waters of the coast are continuously replenished with nutrients. Such favourable conditions are responsible for the high yields of mussels, Pacific oysters and grooved carpetshell clams.
The Ullals de Baltasar
These are beautiful lakes of underground water coming from springs in the Sierra del Montsant and Els Ports. Graced by a network of water lilies these springs are home to turtles, frogs and birds like the European bee-eater. These are the only sources of freshwater, other than the river, in the Delta del Ebro. There are almost 40 Ullals throughout the whole of the Ebro Delta, of which 15 are within the boundaries of the Natural Park and the rest are privately owned.
The Foradada is a huge boulder on top of a mountain at an altitude of about 680 metres that has been eroded over time, creating a large hole that serves as a window looking over the Ebro Territories and the Bay of Alfacs as well as the Punta de la Banya. You can get there hiking: four hours of walking to reach a veritable vantage point of the Ebro Delta and the mountains of Els Ports, a beautiful, 360 degrees view. To begin the hike you must drive towards San Carles de la Rápita and look for the exit to the Cocó de Jordi esplanade to the right on the road. There, you can leave your car and begin the hike. It takes approximately 3 hours to ascend the mountain and 2 hours to get back. There is a fountain of spring waters along the way, where you can help yourself to the fresh water.